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Although it is difficult to state the absolute ages of most of the rock art studied in this project, there are certainly general trends, best estimates and bracketing dates, which will be provided whenever possible.Clues to relative dating include: the manufacturing technique used; the patina covering the art; the layering of figures on top of each other; the style of human forms; and the particular animal species, types of artifacts and subject matter shown.Rivers flowed, lakes formed, and the human inhabitants, flora and fauna embraced this lusher environment.The Holocene Wet Phase, as it is called, fluctuated greatly between humid and dry periods and then reverted to a more consistent arid condition around 3800 BCE, as the rain belt retreated southward (Parker et al. The oldest known petroglyphs in Saudi Arabia are believed to date to the Neolithic period or Early Arabian Pastoral, which appears to coincide with at least part of the Holocene Wet Phase.

Given the current status of direct chronometric dating methods for Arabian petroglyphs, it is rare that the precise age of a rock art panel can be determined.

However, all is not lost, and it is possible to establish a temporal sequence that can be quite edifying.

To progress, it is essential to apply the second type, or relative, dating.

Many species, such as mammoth and woolly rhinoceros thrived in Eurasia and the mammoth, mastodon, camel and giant sloth lived in North America.

Around 10,0000 BCE, a significant climate change occurred, altering environments, flora, and fauna in most parts of the world.

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