where 5,500 pilot cadets received their primary flight training before the war's end.
Scottsdale was the site of a German prisoner of war camp at the current intersection of Scottsdale and Thomas Roads in what today is Papago Park.
This is even more temptation in a desert environment, when flooding so rarely happens.
As Scottsdale expanded, the Indian Bend Wash virtually bisected the city in half north to south.
Between 19, due to the construction of the Granite Reef and Roosevelt dams (in 19, respectively), Scottsdale's population experienced a boom, growing steadily during those years.
Some Pima remained in their original homes well into the 20th century.
For example, until the late 1960s, there was a still-occupied traditional dwelling on the southeast corner of Indian Bend Road and Hayden Road.
Under still-mysterious circumstances, the Hohokam disappeared around 1450 or 1500, the most likely theory having to do with a prolonged drought.
The area's later occupants, the Pima and O'odham (also known as the Papago), are thought to be the direct descendants of the Hohokam people.